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Venesection (Faṣd)

Updated: Feb 1, 2023

Venesection, also known as bloodletting, is a therapeutic technique that involves the removal of a portion of blood from the body to balance the four humors (blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile) and restore health according to the principles of Unani medicine. Unani medicine is a traditional system of medicine that originated in Greece and has been widely practiced in South Asia for centuries.

Venesection (Faṣd) is a method of absolute elimination (Istifrāgh Kullī), used to remove the excess of humours or to get rid of morbid matter (Mawād Fāsida) from the body. In this procedure, an incision is given to the superficial veins and blood is allowed to flow.

Venesection has been used in Unani medicine to treat a variety of health conditions, including fever, headache, inflammation, and certain types of skin conditions. The procedure is usually performed on the veins of the arm and the amount of blood removed is determined based on the specific health condition being treated.


Venesection in Unani medicine is considered to be a safe and effective treatment for a wide range of conditions. It is believed to work by reducing the levels of the affected humor in the body, thereby restoring balance and harmony. Venesection is also used as a preventive measure to maintain good health and prevent the development of disease. However, some studies have shown that venesection can lead to serious side effects, including dizziness, fainting, and anemia. Additionally, there is a risk of infection from unsanitary instruments and conditions, and the procedure may worsen some medical conditions.


Venesection in Unani medicine is typically performed by a trained practitioner using sterile instruments. The procedure is quick, minimally invasive, and is typically performed without the use of anesthetic. After the procedure, the patient is advised to rest for a few hours and to avoid strenuous activity for several days.

Ancient Greek painting on a vase, showing a physician (iatros) bleeding a patient
If you're interested in trying this procedure, it's important to discuss with a qualified practitioner and make an informed decision based on your individual needs and health status.

In conclusion, venesection is a therapeutic technique that has been used in Unani medicine for centuries to balance the four humors and restore health. However, the procedure is associated with significant risks. If you're considering venesection or any other form of traditional medicine, it's important to consult with a qualified practitioner and make an informed decision based on the best available evidence.



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