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Hammam in Unani Medicine

Unani medicine, also known as Greco-Arab medicine, is a traditional system of medicine that has its roots in ancient Greece and has been developed and practiced in the Middle East and South Asia for centuries. One of the unique aspects of Unani medicine is the use of Hammam, or traditional steam bath, as a means of promoting overall health and wellness.

What is Hammam?

A Hammam is a traditional steam bath that has been used in various cultures for thousands of years. It is a form of hydrotherapy that involves heating water and creating a steamy environment to promote physical and mental relaxation. Hammams typically consist of a heated room, a cooling room, and a washing area.

Fig. Old Hammam building

Benefits of Hammam in Unani Medicine

In Unani medicine, Hammam is considered to have numerous health benefits, including:

  1. Detoxification: The heat and steam in the Hammam help to flush out toxins from the body, promoting overall health and wellness.

  2. Relaxation: The warm, humid environment of the Hammam promotes physical and mental relaxation, helping to relieve stress and tension.

  3. Improved circulation: The heat from the Hammam dilates blood vessels and increases circulation, providing a boost to the immune system and helping to improve overall health.

  4. Cleansing: The heat and steam in the Hammam help to open up the pores and promote sweating, which can help to cleanse the skin and improve its appearance.

  5. Respiratory improvement: The moist air in the Hammam can help to soothe and moisturize the respiratory system, providing relief for conditions such as bronchitis and asthma.

  6. Pain relief: The heat and relaxation in the Hammam can help to relieve pain and discomfort in the muscles and joints, making it an ideal treatment for conditions such as arthritis and rheumatism.

How to Use Hammam in Unani Medicine

To experience the benefits of Hammam in Unani medicine, it is important to follow the traditional techniques for using the steam bath. Some recommended steps for using the Hammam include:

  1. Warm up: Start by warming up your body in a warm room before entering the steam room.

  2. Gradually adjust to the heat: Once in the steam room, take your time to adjust to the heat and allow your body to acclimate.

  3. Stay hydrated: It is important to stay hydrated while in the Hammam, as the heat can cause you to sweat and lose fluids.

  4. Use natural products: To enhance the cleansing and rejuvenating effects of the Hammam, it is recommended to use natural products such as essential oils, salt scrubs, or herbal teas.

  5. Finish with a cool-down: After your time in the steam room, it is important to cool down gradually by spending time in a cooler room or taking a cold shower.


Hammam is a unique aspect of Unani medicine that has been used for centuries to promote overall health and wellness. With its numerous health benefits and traditional techniques, Hammam is an ideal choice for anyone looking to enhance their physical and mental wellbeing.

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