WHO - Standard Unani Terminologies

Waja‘ al-Asnan

Term Code:

UMA-0832

Description:

Pain of the teeth which may be due to (1) hot impaired temperament with swelling (2)cold impaired temperament of teeth or its nerve (3) involvement of stomach/accumulation of stomach with putrified humours (4) dental caries (5) cold and coryza (6) decay of teeth. According to Jalinus (Galen), teeth have also got sensation and thiswas supported by Ibn Sina (Avicenna) and other medieval physicians also. Its possible English equivalent is odontolgia/
toothache.

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TRANSLITERATION TABLE

The following Arabic letters have been transliterated with diacritical marks as mentioned against each:

The following Persian letters have been transliterated with diacritical marks as expressed against each:

  • ء/أ-has been transliterated with elevated coma (’) if used in the mid or end of the word followed by a relevant vowel and this elevated coma is not expressed at the beginning and only related vowel has been used directly.

  • Letter ع is transliterated as elevated inverted comma (‘).

  • Letter و as an Arabic letter is transliterated as w and as Persian/Urdu letter is transliterated

    as v.

  • ة and ہ are not expressed in both pauses and construct forms.

  • Article ال is transliterated as al- (’l- in construct form) whether followed by a moon or a sun letter.

  • و as a Persian/Urdu conjunction is transliterated as ( o ) and as Arabic conjunction is transliterated as wa-.

  • Short vowel (ِ۔ ِ) in Persian/Urdu passive or in conjunction form is transliterated as (-i).

  • Double letters have been expressed as follows:

  • uww= ّو

  • iyy = ّی

  • Short & long vowels and Diphthongs are used in the following form:

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