WHO - Standard Unani Terminologies

Su’ Mizaj-i-Kabid

Term Code:



The impaired temperament of liver which is exclusively simple in nature and not Maddi (organic). It is of two types; single and compound. Single is subdivided into four type i.e. Su’ Mizaj Harr, Su’ Mizaj Barid, Su’ Mizaj Ratb and Su’ Mizaj Yabis. Compound is again subdivided into four types i.e. Su’ Mizaj Harr Ratb, Su’ Mizaj Harr Yabis, Su’ Mizaj Barid Ratb and Su’ Mizaj Barid Yabis. According to the involvement of humours this compound type is subdivided in Safrawi (bilious), Balghami (phlegmatic), and Sawdawi (melanotic). This intemperament of liver leads to weakness of liver, Istisqa’ , Su’al-Qinya , pain of liver, inflammation of liver. Its possible
English equivalent is hepatic dyscrasia.

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The following Arabic letters have been transliterated with diacritical marks as mentioned against each:

The following Persian letters have been transliterated with diacritical marks as expressed against each:

  • ء/أ-has been transliterated with elevated coma (’) if used in the mid or end of the word followed by a relevant vowel and this elevated coma is not expressed at the beginning and only related vowel has been used directly.

  • Letter ع is transliterated as elevated inverted comma (‘).

  • Letter و as an Arabic letter is transliterated as w and as Persian/Urdu letter is transliterated

    as v.

  • ة and ہ are not expressed in both pauses and construct forms.

  • Article ال is transliterated as al- (’l- in construct form) whether followed by a moon or a sun letter.

  • و as a Persian/Urdu conjunction is transliterated as ( o ) and as Arabic conjunction is transliterated as wa-.

  • Short vowel (ِ۔ ِ) in Persian/Urdu passive or in conjunction form is transliterated as (-i).

  • Double letters have been expressed as follows:

  • uww= ّو

  • iyy = ّی

  • Short & long vowels and Diphthongs are used in the following form:

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