WHO - Standard Unani Terminologies

Huzal

Term Code:

UMA-1022

Description:

Emaciation or cachexia that may be caused by (1) nutritional deficiencies e.g. intake of low fat diet (2) weakness of the faculties of stomach due to its cold temperament (3) after discontinuation of regular and sternuous exercise (4) bilious temperament of an individual (5) dysfunctioning of liver (6) worm infestation (7) excessive catabolism e.g. in case of chronic debilitating illnesses, excessive grief, sorrow etc. Its possible
English equivalent is undernutrition.

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TRANSLITERATION TABLE

The following Arabic letters have been transliterated with diacritical marks as mentioned against each:

The following Persian letters have been transliterated with diacritical marks as expressed against each:

  • ء/أ-has been transliterated with elevated coma (’) if used in the mid or end of the word followed by a relevant vowel and this elevated coma is not expressed at the beginning and only related vowel has been used directly.

  • Letter ع is transliterated as elevated inverted comma (‘).

  • Letter و as an Arabic letter is transliterated as w and as Persian/Urdu letter is transliterated

    as v.

  • ة and ہ are not expressed in both pauses and construct forms.

  • Article ال is transliterated as al- (’l- in construct form) whether followed by a moon or a sun letter.

  • و as a Persian/Urdu conjunction is transliterated as ( o ) and as Arabic conjunction is transliterated as wa-.

  • Short vowel (ِ۔ ِ) in Persian/Urdu passive or in conjunction form is transliterated as (-i).

  • Double letters have been expressed as follows:

  • uww= ّو

  • iyy = ّی

  • Short & long vowels and Diphthongs are used in the following form:

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