WHO - Standard Unani Terminologies

Humma al-Ghibb Da’ira

Term Code:

UMA-1340

Description:

When the putrefaction of yellow bile occurs outside the vessels then the attack of fever occurs after three days or approximately 48 hours. The attack usually starts with rigors and chills. It is accompanied with headache, excessive thirst, restlessness, bilious vomiting and sometimes, bilious diarrhoea. Pulse in the initial stage is irregular and later on, it becomes rapid and strong, urine is reddish and sharp smelling. This fever subsides with sweating and the attack of fever is of short duration usually 4-6 hours and sometimes it extends upto 12 hours. This type of fever has got good prognosis
similar to ephemeral fever. Its possible English equivalent is tertian fever.

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TRANSLITERATION TABLE

The following Arabic letters have been transliterated with diacritical marks as mentioned against each:

The following Persian letters have been transliterated with diacritical marks as expressed against each:

  • ء/أ-has been transliterated with elevated coma (’) if used in the mid or end of the word followed by a relevant vowel and this elevated coma is not expressed at the beginning and only related vowel has been used directly.

  • Letter ع is transliterated as elevated inverted comma (‘).

  • Letter و as an Arabic letter is transliterated as w and as Persian/Urdu letter is transliterated

    as v.

  • ة and ہ are not expressed in both pauses and construct forms.

  • Article ال is transliterated as al- (’l- in construct form) whether followed by a moon or a sun letter.

  • و as a Persian/Urdu conjunction is transliterated as ( o ) and as Arabic conjunction is transliterated as wa-.

  • Short vowel (ِ۔ ِ) in Persian/Urdu passive or in conjunction form is transliterated as (-i).

  • Double letters have been expressed as follows:

  • uww= ّو

  • iyy = ّی

  • Short & long vowels and Diphthongs are used in the following form:

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