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Pharmacognostical Standardization of ‘Mushkdana’ Seed (Abelmoschus moschatus Medic)

Kiran Negi, Akhlaq Mustafa, Mahesh Chandra and S.M. Asim

Hippocratic Journal of Unani Medicine
Hippocratic Journal of Unani Medicine January - March 2016, Vol. 11 No. 1, Pages 163-170


Mushkdana which is botanically identified as Abelmoschus moschatus Medic. (syn. Hibiscus abelmoschus Linn.) is an important medicinal plant of Indian traditional systems of medicine. The plant is cultivated for its musk- scented seeds, useful in perfumery and medicine. The seeds also known as Ambrette seeds are valued for the volatile oil present in the seed coat. They have been used as a tonic, stimulant, carminative, as flavouring agent for food and as a substitute for musk. Present paper deals with the pharmacognostical standardization of Muskhkdana seed, unstudied so far, in order to lay down the standards for its quality assurance. The study includes macro and microscopic features of the drug, besides maceration, powder analysis, measurement of cells/ tissues, reaction with different chemical reagents and fluorescence analysis of the crude drug powder. Other parameters worked out are physiochemical constants such as ash value, alcohol and water soluble matter and thin layer


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