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Indian Herbal Drugs of Trade and Their Supply Chain Management- A Review

Lalit Tiwari, Nitin Rai and Rajeev Kr. Sharma

Hippocratic Journal of Unani Medicine
Hippocratic Journal of Unani Medicine January - March 2014, Vol. 9 No. 1, Pages 125-142


The use of herbal medicines is growing with approximately 40 per cent of population reporting use of herbs to treat diseases within the past year. India has 16 agro-climatic zones, 45000 different plant species out of which 15000 are medicinal plants. The Indian Systems of Medicine have identified 1500 medicinal plants, of which more than 500 species are mostly used in the preparation of drugs in direct or indirect ways and highly potential in the trade related practices in Indian and Global markets. Apart from requirement of medicinal plants for internal consumption, India exports crude drugs mainly to developed countries, viz. USA, Germany, France, Switzerland, UK and Japan. The supply base of 90% herbal raw drugs used in the manufacture of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani & Homoeopathy (Ayush) systems of medicine is largely from the wild. Present communication reviews and highlights the supply chain management and trade practices of medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) in India.

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