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A Critical Review of Some Unani Topical Dosage Forms – With Special Reference to Their Bases and the Procedures Used to Formulate Them

Saud uz Zafar Ali, 2Waseem Ahmad, 3Tarannum and 4Merajul Haque

Hippocratic Journal of Unani Medicine
Hippocratic Journal of Unani Medicine January - March 2014, Vol. 9 No. 1, Pages 15-22


Unani system of medicine has various dosage forms including topical drugs for effective delivery of drug substances. Although most of the drugs intended to be used orally have been found effective, but some of the formulations of dermal dosage forms especially, Marham (Ointment), Zimaad (Paste) and Tila (Liniment) at occasions fail to produce their expected

pharmacological and therapeutic effect. The failure has been mainly attributed to the erroneous processing of crude drugs and inappropriate selection of the bases and excipients that sharpens the ability of drug to go deep into skin and produce the desirable effects. An attempt has been made to explore and elaborate the possible reason of expected failure of some of Unani dermal formulations and to find out the possible solutions so that their therapeutic objectives could be achieved.

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