Pharmacognostic Standardization of Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf. Leaf

Shelvi Agarwal, Rajeev Kr. Sharma, Sneh Lata

Hippocratic Journal of Unani Medicine

Hippocratic Journal of Unani Medicine January - March 2012, Vol. 7 No. 1, Pages 43-57

Abstract

Kattira’ ascribed to plant species Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf. belongs to family Poaceae. In Ayurveda, it is widely used for treatment of various diseases. It is an important ingredient of Ayurvedic Formulations viz. Sheetaprashamana mahakashaya, Ayurvadya taila,

Mahapanchagavya ghrita, Ayurvedic chay etc. It is also used for flavouring soups and curries. An infusion of leaves is sometimes taken as a substitute for tea, a refreshing beverage. The essential oil from C.citratus is widely used in perfumery, cosmetic preparations and in aromatherapy. The diagonostic characters obtained from investigated parameters such as organoleptic, microscopical, powder characters, physico-chemical constants, TLC fingerprinting profile of leaf are given. The data obtained by this study lead to Pharmacognostic Standardization of Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf. leaf.

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