Pharmacognostic Evaluation of Stem of Gumma (Leucas cephalotes Spreng)
Mohammad Yusuf Ansari, Abdul Wadud, Uzma Jabeen and Syed Mohd Faisal Iqbal
Hippocratic Journal of Unani Medicine
Hippocratic Journal of Unani Medicine, October - December 2012, Vol. 7 No. 4, Pages 41-51
The study has been carried out on the stem of Gumma (Leucas cephalotes Spreng, family Lamiaceae), primarily a folklore medicine also used in Unani medicine and Ayurveda, in order to generate sufﬁcient pharmacognostical data for proper identiﬁ cation of the plant. Anatomy, observation of isolated elements, physicochemical evaluation, and micrometry and ﬂ uorescence analysis of the stem were performed by using the standard methods usually applied in pharmacognostical studies. HPLC of aqueous extract was run. Spectrum scan curves of aqueous and methanol extracts were also obtained. Detailed results are shown in ﬁ gures and tables. The ﬁndings can serve as the source of information to ascertain the authenticity and standardization of the available sample of the plant.