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Physicochemical and Phyto-chemical Standardization of ‘Kanghi booti’ (Abutilon indicum Linn.)

*Abdullah, S.H. Afaq, Abdul Latif and Abdur Rauf

Hippocratic Journal of Unani Medicine
Hippocratic Journal of Unani Medicine January - March 2012, Vol. 7 No. 2, Pages 79-89


Abutilon indicum Linn. (Family: Malvaceae), commonly known as ‘Kanghi booti’ is a perennial herb, distributed throughout tropical India and Siri Lanka. The herb is used widely in many ailments such as fever, gonorrhoea, meningitis, chronic cough, diarrhoea and diseases of thorax. It is also used for eye wash. As per ethno-medical literatures the drug is reported as antiflatulant, antihelminthic, anti-inflammatory, demulcent and diuretic. It is interesting to note that being an important plant, it is lesser known and except the positive antimicrobial activity on gram positive and gram negative bacteria, no works are reported in the literature. Therefore, an effort has been made to carry out the physicochemical and phytochemical studies of plant to find out the possible active constituent. The plant was collected directly from premises of Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh, in the month of December 2008. The successive extraction, soluble matter in aqueous and alcohol, ash values, loss on drying, moisture content, pH values, qualitative and quantitative analysis of organic constituents were estimated. The percentage of alkaloid (1.54%), nitrogen (0.02%), fatty matter (0.70%), phenols (0.27%), flavonoid (5.60%), sterols/terpenes (0.17%), proteins (1.02%), carbohydrate (1.04%) and crude fibre (2.75%) are reported. With the help of descending paper chromatography, amino acids and sugars were also identified and quantified.

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