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Physicochemical and Phyto-chemical Analysis of Market Sample of Banafshah (Viola odorata Linn.)

*Sumbul Rehman and Abdul Latif

Hippocratic Journal of Unani Medicine
Hippocratic Journal of Unani Medicine January – March 2017, Vol. 12 No. 1, Pages 83-94


Present study provides an updated standardization profile of market sample of a well known Unani drug Banafshah (Viola odorata Linn.) used for its efficacy in bilious affections, lung troubles, kidney diseases, liver affections, in fevers and as blood purifier. A review of literature, revealed that only few pharmacopoeial parameters like total ash value, acid insoluble ash, alcohol soluble and water soluble extractives, thin layer chromatography (TLC) of petroleum ether extract are reported in the Unani pharmacopoeia. These known parameters were matched with the market sample of Banafshah and were found to be within range with slight acceptable variation. However, data on water soluble ash value, sulphated ash value, extractive value in different solvents, organoleptic features, moisture content, bulk density, melting range, pH value, total alkaloid content, crude fiber content, qualitative analysis, phyto- chemical analysis with different reagents, IR spectral studies, FTAR analysis of different extracts, TLC of other extracts are unreported. These parameters were investigated by us for the first-time as per the pharmacopoeial guidelines. This communication provides updated pharmacopoeial parameters of Banafshah that will help to match its future market samples for evaluation of their identity and purity so as to have uniform therapeutic efficacy of manufactured products.

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