Traditional medicines of plant origin used for the treatment of in- flammatory disorders in Pakistan: A review
Alamgeer, Ambreen Malik Uttra, Haseeb Ahsan, Umme Habiba Hasan, Mueen Ahmad Chaudhary
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine
J Tradit Chin Med 2018 August 15; 38(4): 636-656
OBJECTIVE: To pool data on ethnobotanical medi- cine for the treatment of inflammatory disorders in Pakistan.
METHODS: We reviewed 237 research publications based on data from the six provinces in Pakistan (Punjab = 85, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa = 65, Sindh = 15, Balochistan = 8, Gilgit Baltistan = 22, Azad Jam- mu and Kashmir = 42) published until June 2015 in various journals. This was achieved using seven on- line databases: ScienceDirect, Google, Google Scholar, PubMed, Wiley Online Library, Springer- Link, and MEDLINE. Data were analyzed from differ- ent perspectives.
RESULTS: People from Pakistan made use of 371 plant species belonging to 263 genera and 99 fami- lies for the treatment of inflammatory disorders. Plants from the Asteraceae family were used most often. Herbs were the dominant growth form. Leaves were the plant parts used most often. Decoctions were the main preparation method. Nine plant species were used most frequently in the dwellers of most regions of Pakistan. A total of 111 plants were shown experimentally to have neither anti-arthritic nor anti-inflammatory activities, and 148 plant species were threatened. Eighty-four spe-cies had commercial importance. Twelve plant species were imported, and 25 plant species were ex- ported, from Pakistan.
CONCLUSION: This review provides baseline data for plant species in Pakistan that have potential an- ti-inflammatory/anti-arthritic activities.