Hippocratic Journal of Unani Medicine
Hippocratic Journal of Unani Medicine April - June 2013, Vol. 8 No. 2, Pages 1-7
Study of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP study) on Hijamah (Wet Cupping) Therapy
Ghazala Mulla, Sufiyan Ahmad Ghawte and K.T. Ajmal
In Unani System of medicine for restoration of health three basic methods of treatments are provided. These are Regimenal therapy, Diet-o-therapy and Pharmacotherapy. Regimenal therapy is widely adopted for management of various diseases. It includes Hijamah (dry & wet cupping), massage, veinesection, leeching and cauterization. “Hijamah” has originated
from the Arabic word “Hajm” meaning “sucking”. Hijamah is a method of relieving local congestion by applying a partial vacuum that is created in a cup(s), either by heat or by suction. In Hijamah Bil shurt blood is sucked after applying cups to specific areas of the body. Hijamah therapy has strong connotation with Islam. Various Hadith are present in reference to this therapy. The Prophet (PBUH) explained that: “The best medicine with which you treat yourselves is Hijamah, or it is one of the best of your medicines (Al Bukhari, 5371). Hijamah therapy has been used since ancient times in Muslim countries and by Muslim community. However, currently it is also practiced in countries like China, Germany, United State, Australia, Fin land, Vietnam. In India also this therapy has been gaining popularity. To know about the perception of people about this therapy, a Study of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP study) on Hijamah (wet cupping) therapy has been carried out. The study reveals that more males than females attended the clinic for Hijamah therapy. Awareness about Hijamah was comparable in both, males and females, being 63.4% and 66.7% respectively.