Standardization and Quality Control Methods of Unani Single Drug ‘Tudri Surkh’ (Cheiranthus cheiri Linn.)
D. Ramasamy, Rampratap Meena, S. Mageswari, P. Meera Devi Sri, Shamsul Arfin, Syed Jameeluddin Ahmed and Syed Shakir Jamil
Hippocratic Journal of Unani Medicine
Hippocratic Journal of Unani Medicine July - September 2014, Vol. 9 No. 3, Pages 119-125
Tudri Surkh botanically equated to seeds of Cheiranthus cheiri Linn. belongs to Cruciferae (Brassicaceae) family. In Unani System of Medicine Tudri Surkh is used as stomachic, diuretic, expectorant, demulcent, emmenagogue and also in the ailments of asthma, cough and fever. Seed oil is applied locally for bruises, nervous and rheumatic pains. It is one of the ingredients in the Unani formulations namely Majoon-e-Alkula, Majoon-e- Regmahi, Khamira Gaozaban Ambari, Khamira Gaozaban Ambari Jadwar Ood Saleeb Wala, Khamira Gaozaban Ambari Jawaharwala, Khamira Gaozaban Sada. In view of its medicinal importance, the present study was conducted to standardize the drug using pharmacognostic method, physico-chemical parameters, TLC studies and WHO methods. Physico-chemical data observed were moisture content (9.56%), total ash (6.60%), acid in-soluble ash (1.25%) and solubility in alcohol (13.69 %) and water (20.01%). TLC studies of chloroform and alcohol extracts showed various spots at 254nm, 366nm and in visible light. The Quality control parameters such as microbial content (TBC, TFC, Enterobacteriaceae, Salmonellae Spp. and Staphylococcus aureus) and the heavy metals (Pb, Cd, As and Hg) were found within the permissible limits. Aflatoxins (B1, B2, G1 and G2) and pesticide residues were not detected in the drug Tudri Surkh.