Exploration of Unani Medicinal Plants in Jammu & Kashmir and Strategy for Their Conservation and Cultivation
Aminuddin, Tariq Ahmad Butt, R. Murugeswaran and Parwez Ahmad
Hippocratic Journal of Unani Medicine
Hippocratic Journal of Unani Medicine, October - December 2015, Vol. 10 No. 4, Pages 109-121
Based on a series of medicinal plants exploration trips conducted in different forests of Jammu & Kashmir for over two decades, the paper highlights 28 taxa of important Unani drugs. Each taxa enumerated has been provided with information on botanical name, Unani and English name(s), voucher specimen number, locality and the therapeutic action and uses as mentioned in Unani text. Some of the important medicinal species for the area studied are; Achillea millefolium Linn. (Biranjasif), Aconitum heterophyllum Wall. (Atees), Artemisia maritima L. (Darmana), Bergenia ciliata (Haw) Sternb. (Pakhanbed), Colchicum luteum Baker (Suranjan), Delphinium denudatum Wall. ex H & T (Jadwar), Picrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth. (Kutki), Saussurea lappa (Dcne) Sch. Bip (Qust) etc. (Fig. 1). Study reveals that some of these species are on the verge of extinction on account of their over-exploitation by drug industry and in local use; therefore, strategy for their conservation and protection has been suggested.